SS REICHSFUHRER HEINRICH HIMMLER (1900 – 1945)
A leading member of the Nazi Party. As Chief of the German Police and later the Minister of the Interior, Himmler oversaw all police and security forces, including the Gestapo. He rose to become one of the most powerful men in Nazi Germany as well as one of the persons most directly responsible for the Holocaust. As overseer of the concentration camps, Himmler coordinated the killing of some six million Jews, between 200,000 and 500,000 Roma, many prisoners of war, and possibly another three to four million Poles, communists, homosexuals, people with physical and mental disabilities, Jehovah’s Witnesses and members of the Confessing Church. Shortly before the end of the war, he offered to surrender both Germany and himself to the Western Allies if he were spared prosecution. After being arrested by British forces, he committed suicide with a cyanide capsule before he could be questioned.
Read more in Golden Boy: The Albert Speer Story by Paula Astridge