An ace fighter pilot during WW1 and leading member of the Nazi Party in WW11. In 1935 he was appointed Commander-in-Chief of the German Luftwaffe. He was promoted to the rank of Reich Marshal and in 1941 Hitler named him as his successor. By 1942, with the German war effort stumbling on both fronts, Goering’s standing with Hitler was greatly reduced and Goering largely withdrew from the military and political scene to live, as an eccentric, in the lap of luxury. After the war, Goering was convicted of war crimes and crimes against humanity at the Nuremberg Trials. He was sentenced to death by hanging, but committed suicide by cyanide ingestion the night before he was due to be hanged.

Read more in In the Way of the Reich by Paula Astridge